"A functional design can promote skill, economy, conveniences, and comforts; a non-functional design can impede activities of all types, detract from the quality of care, and raise costs to intolerable levels." ... Hardy and Lammers
Interior Designing For Hospitals In Mumbai are is most complex of building design types. Each hospital comprises a wide range of services and functional units. These include diagnostic and treatment functions, such as clinical laboratories, imaging, emergency rooms, and surgery; hospitality functions, such as food service and housekeeping; and the fundamental inpatient care or bed-related function. This diversity is reflected in the breadth and specificity of regulations, codes, and oversight that govern hospital construction and operations. Each of the wide-ranging and constantly evolving functions of a hospital, including highly complicated mechanical, electrical, and telecommunications systems, requires specialized knowledge and expertise. No one person can reasonably have complete knowledge, which is why specialized consultants in Interior Designing For Hospitals In Mumbai play an important role in hospital planning and design. The functional units within the hospital can have competing needs and priorities. Idealized scenarios and strongly-held individual preferences must be balanced against mandatory requirements, actual functional needs (internal traffic and relationship to other departments), and the financial status of the organization.
The basic form of a hospital is, ideally, based on its functions :
Physical relationships between these functions determine the configuration of the hospital. In a large hospital, the form of the typical nursing unit, since it may be repeated many times, is a principal element of the overall configuration. Nursing units today tend to be more compact shapes than the elongated rectangles of the past. Compact rectangles, modified triangles, or even circles have been used in an attempt to shorten the distance between the nurse station and the patient's bed. The chosen solution is heavily dependent on program issues such as organization of the nursing program, number of beds to a nursing unit, and number of beds to a patient room.
Regardless of their location, size, or budget, all hospitals should have certain common attributes.
Efficiency and Cost-Effectiveness
For Interior Designing For Hospitals In Mumbai, an efficient hospital layout should consist of the following:
Promoting staff efficiency by minimizing distance of necessary travel between frequently used spaces.
Allow easy visual supervision of patients by limited staff.
Include all needed spaces, but no redundant ones. This requires careful pre-design programming.
Provide an efficient logistics system, which might include elevators, pneumatic tubes, box conveyors, manual or automated carts, and gravity or pneumatic chutes, for the efficient handling of food and clean supplies and the removal of waste, recyclables, and soiled material Make efficient use of space by locating support spaces so that they may be shared by adjacent functional areas, and by making prudent use of multi-purpose spaces
Flexibility and Expandability
Since medical needs and modes of treatment will continue to change, Interior Designing For Hospitals In Mumbai should:
Follow modular concepts of space planning and layout
Use generic room sizes and plans as much as possible, rather than highly specific ones Be served by modular, easily accessed, and easily modified mechanical and electrical systems Where size and program allow, be designed on a modular system basis, such as the Hospital Building System. This system also uses walk-through interstitial space between occupied floors for mechanical, electrical, and plumbing distribution. For large projects, this provides continuing adaptability to changing programs and needs, with no first-cost premium, if properly planned, designed, and bid. The Hospital Building System also allows vertical expansion without disruptions to floors below.
Some important aspects of creating a therapeutic interior are:
Using familiar and culturally relevant materials wherever consistent with sanitation and other functional needs
Using cheerful and varied colors and textures, keeping in mind that some colors are inappropriate and can interfere with provider assessments of patients' pallor and skin tones, disorient older or impaired patients, or agitate patients and staff, particularly some psychiatric patients.
Admitting ample natural light wherever feasible and using color-corrected lighting in interior spaces which closely approximates natural daylight
Providing views of the outdoors from every patient bed, and elsewhere wherever possible; photo murals of nature scenes are helpful where outdoor views are not available Designing a "way-finding" process into every project.
Cleanliness and Sanitation
Hospitals must be easy to clean and maintain. This is facilitated by:
Appropriate, durable finishes for each functional space
Careful detailing of such features as door frames, casework, and finish transitions to avoid dirt-catching and hard-to-clean crevices and joints
Adequate and appropriately located housekeeping spaces
Special materials, finishes, and details for spaces which are to be kept sterile, such as integral cove base. The new antimicrobial surfaces might be considered for appropriate locations. Incorporating O&M practices that stress indoor environmental quality.
All areas, both inside and out, should:
Comply with the minimum requirements of the Disability Act, if federally funded or owned, the GSA's ABA Accessibility Standards
In addition to meeting minimum requirements of Disability Act and/or GSA's ABA Accessibility Standards, be designed so as to be easy to use by the many patients with temporary or permanent handicaps
Ensuring grades are flat enough to allow easy movement and sidewalks and corridors are wide enough for two wheelchairs to pass easily
Ensuring entrance areas are designed to accommodate patients with slower adaptation rates to dark and light; marking glass walls and doors to make their presence obvious
Interior Designing For Hospitals In Mumbai are a complex system of interrelated functions requiring constant movement of people and goods. Much of this circulation should be controlled. Outpatients visiting diagnostic and treatment areas should not travel through inpatient functional areas nor encounter severely ill inpatients
Typical outpatient routes should be simple and clearly defined
Visitors should have a simple and direct route to each patient nursing unit without penetrating other functional areas
Separate patients and visitors from industrial/logistical areas or floors
Outflow of trash, recyclables, and soiled materials should be separated from movement of food and clean supplies, and both should be separated from routes of patients and visitors Transfer of cadavers to and from the morgue should be out of the sight of patients and visitors Dedicated service elevators for deliveries, food and building maintenance services.
Aesthetics for Interior Designing For Hospitals In Mumbai are closely related to creating a therapeutic environment. It is important in enhancing the hospital's public image and is thus an
important marketing tool. A better environment also contributes to better staff morale and patient care.
Aesthetic considerations include:
Increased use of natural light, natural materials, and textures
Use of artwork
Attention to proportions, color, scale, and detail
Bright, open, generously-scaled public spaces
Homelike and intimate scale in patient rooms, day rooms, consultation rooms, and offices Compatibility of exterior design with its physical surroundings
Security and Safety
In addition to the general safety concerns of all buildings, hospitals have several particular security concerns:
Protection of hospital property and assets, including drugs
Protection of patients, including incapacitated patients, and staff
Safe control of violent or unstable patients
Vulnerability to damage from terrorism because of proximity to high-vulnerability targets, or because they may be highly visible public buildings with an important role in the public health system.
Interior Designing For Hospitals In Mumbai approach large public buildings that have a significant impact on the environment and economy of the surrounding community. They are heavy users of energy and water and produce large amounts of waste. Because hospitals place such demands on community resources they are natural candidates for sustainable design.
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